HTML Textareas

In this HTML tutorial, we will explore the usage of the <textarea> element, which allows users to input and edit multiline text. Textareas are commonly used for tasks like comments, messages, or other situations where users need to provide more extensive text. We’ll delve into the structure of <textarea>, its attributes, provide code examples, and conclude with key takeaways.

Introduction to Textareas

The <textarea> element is essential for collecting larger amounts of textual information from users. It provides a resizable input field where users can enter and edit text, making it suitable for various web applications that require more than single-line text input. Understanding how to create and customize textareas is crucial for web developers.

The <textarea> Element

The <textarea> element creates a rectangular text input area within an HTML form. It allows users to type or paste multiple lines of text. Unlike single-line text input fields created with <input>, textareas can be resized by the user if specified.

Here’s the basic structure of a <textarea> element:

Here’s the basic structure of a <textarea> element:

  • name: Provides a unique name for the textarea to identify it when processing form data.
  • id: Assigns a unique identifier to the textarea, useful for associating labels.
  • rows: Specifies the visible number of lines (height) in the textarea.
  • cols: Determines the visible width (in characters) of the textarea.

Common Attributes

Textareas support various attributes to enhance their functionality and appearance. Some commonly used attributes include:

  • name: Assigns a name to the textarea for form submission.
  • id: Provides a unique identifier for the textarea.
  • rows and cols: Set the initial visible dimensions of the textarea.
  • placeholder: Displays a hint or instruction within the textarea.
  • readonly: Prevents users from editing the text.
  • required: Indicates that the field must be filled out before form submission.

Code Examples

Here are some examples of textareas with different attributes:

Basic Textarea:

Textarea with Placeholder:

Read-Only Textarea:

Required Textarea:


Textareas are crucial for web forms and applications that require users to provide multiline text input. By understanding how to create and customize textareas using the <textarea> element and its attributes, web developers can enhance user experiences and facilitate data collection in various scenarios. Whether you’re building a comments section, a message box, or any other feature that requires extensive text input, the <textarea> element plays a pivotal role.

When designing forms with textareas, consider attributes that improve usability and accessibility. Additionally, it’s important to validate user input effectively and ensure that your forms adhere to best practices for security and user experience.