Test Scripts

Postman is a versatile API testing tool that empowers testers and developers to create comprehensive test suites and automate testing processes. In this tutorial, we’ll delve into writing test scripts for common scenarios using Postman, providing you with practical examples to enhance your testing skills.


Writing test scripts in Postman allows you to automate the validation of API responses, monitor response times, and ensure data correctness. JavaScript is the scripting language used in Postman for writing tests. Let’s explore some common scenarios and learn how to script tests for them.

Scenario 1: Verifying Status Codes

Checking the status code in an API response is a fundamental test. You can verify if the response status code matches your expectations. Here’s an example of how to write this test script:

Scenario 2: Validating Response JSON

Verifying the structure and data within the response JSON is a common requirement. For instance, if your API should return an array of items, you can validate it like this:

Scenario 3: Response Time Monitoring

Monitoring response time is essential to ensure your API performs optimally. You can write a test to check if the response time falls within an acceptable range:

Scenario 4: Verifying Response Headers

API responses often include important headers. You can check if the response contains specific headers, such as “Content-Type,” using a test script:


In this tutorial, we’ve explored how to write test scripts for common scenarios in Postman. Writing these scripts empowers you to automate the validation of API responses, ensure data correctness, monitor response times, and check headers. These tests are crucial for verifying that your API functions as expected and adheres to its specifications.

By mastering test script writing in Postman, you’ll be better equipped to create comprehensive test suites that thoroughly validate your APIs. This leads to robust and reliable API services that meet their requirements and expectations. Postman simplifies the testing process, making it efficient and effective for testers and developers alike.